An approach for achieving unstable convergence for non-isothermal continuous stirred tank reactors

Jayakumar N. Subramanian, Farouq S. Mjalli*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The nonlinearity introduced by the temperature variation in the non-isothermal continuous stirred tank reactor (CSTR) exhibits concentration multiplicity for certain parameter ranges. The dynamics of reactor temperature under these conditions would be very difficult to observe and maintain. In this work, a novel algorithm is proposed to stabilize the system by designing a cascade of CSTRs that are capable of achieving this inaccessible steady state. Optimization of reactors parameters is performed in an iterative manner to achieve this solution. For a first-order reaction rate, this method was successful in achieving the inaccessible steady state temperature of 312.5 K using three CSTRs cascades. The suggested algorithm is presented both graphically as well as using computational optimization techniques. The transient simulation studies using the above three CSTRs showed that the unstable steady state is achieved. The newly designed cascade meets the design criteria and achieves the locally unstable steady state temperature to a high degree of accuracy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)564-571
Number of pages8
JournalChemical Engineering and Technology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Continuous stirred tank reactor
  • Inaccessible steady state
  • Locally unstable steady state
  • Simulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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