Renewable energy sources RES (solar, wind resources, biomass, geothermal, etc.) that use indigenous resources and that supply 16% of the total world energy demand, have the potential to provide energy services with zero or almost zero emission of both air pollutants and greenhouse gases during the last few years, political support for renewable energies has been growing continuously both at the national and international level. In fact the Algerian Government has been promoting the use of renewable energy by means of a series of laws and official programmes. This article presents the progress and efforts for the usage of the existing, on-going and planned projects of the renewable energy in Algeria over these last decades. Through these projects could be very interesting under the Clean Development Mechanism CDM of Kyoto protocol because they reduce greenhouse gas emissions GHG whereas contributing to sustainable development of desert communities if developed correctly.