A novel calcium chloride hexahydrate-based deep eutectic solvent as a phase change materials

K. Shahbaz*, I. M. Alnashef, R. J T Lin, M. A. Hashim, F. S. Mjalli, M. M. Farid

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

56 Citations (Scopus)


Deep eutectic solvents (DESs) are gaining interest in various applications due to their tuneable properties and affordable preparation cost. Developing low cost new DESs is vital for some potential industrial applications. This work introduces a new type III DESs based on choline chloride as a quaternary ammonium salt (QAS) and calcium chloride hexahydrate as a hydrated salt. The prepared DESs were characterized by measuring some of their important physical and chemical properties. Furthermore, the applicability of the new DESs as a possible phase change material (PCM) that can be used for building applications was investigated. The experimental results manifested that the DESs in the molar ratios of 1:6 and 1:8 (QAS: hydrated salt) have the potential to be utilized as PCMs in building applications with large latent heat (127.2-135.2 kJ Kg-1) and suitable phase change temperature (20.65-23.05 °C), However, they suffered from supercooling and phase segregation. In order to overcome these problems, 2 wt% of SrCI2·6H2O as nucleating agent and fumed silica as thickener were used during the 100 thermal cycling test. The cycling results showed the degree of supercooling of the DESs was significantly reduced and the phase change temperatures of the DESs remained unchanged.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)147-154
Number of pages8
JournalSolar Energy Materials and Solar Cells
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2016


  • Calcium chloride hexahydrate
  • Choline chloride
  • Deep eutectic solvents
  • Phase change materials
  • Supercooling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films


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