Traditional Building Materials in Coastal Dhofar: A Sustainability Perspective

Yoshiko Takubo*, Naoyuki Matsumoto, Masahide Otsubo, Kengo Hayashi, Mikio Koshihara, Naima Benkari

*المؤلف المقابل لهذا العمل

نتاج البحث: Chapter

1 اقتباس (Scopus)


Traditionally stone architecture has been built in the Dhofar region in Southern Oman. However, modernization policies under the reign of Sultan Qaboos since the 1970s have led to the replacement of traditional building materials with industrial ones. As research on the manufacturing methods and usage of traditional materials is limited, many buildings are at risk of disappearing. This study aims to clarify the functions and properties of the three principal materials, khatri, nurah, and yeb', used as both joint and finishing materials in the coastal areas of Dhofar. According to interviews with local traditional masons, khatri is used as a joint and wall-finishing material, nurah as a wall-finishing material, and yeb' as a floor-finishing material. Particle-size tests revealed that the particles become finer in the order of: khatri, nurah, and yeb'. Furthermore, XRF and XRD reveal that nurah had a higher calcium content compared to khatri and yeb'. The combination of interviews and engineering experiments indicate that the manner in which local masons use these three materials is highly dependent on their physical properties. This can be reasonably explained based on the climate: Dhofar experiences more rainfall than Northern Oman during summers. These findings can aid in the improvement and continuous use of traditional building materials and contribute to a sustainability.

اللغة الأصليةEnglish
عنوان منشور المضيفKey Engineering Materials
ناشرTrans Tech Publications Ltd
عدد الصفحات11
المعرِّفات الرقمية للأشياء
حالة النشرPublished - 2022

سلسلة المنشورات

الاسمKey Engineering Materials
مستوى الصوت913 KEM
رقم المعيار الدولي للدوريات (المطبوع)1013-9826
رقم المعيار الدولي للدوريات (الإلكتروني)1662-9795

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • ???subjectarea.asjc.2500???
  • ???subjectarea.asjc.2200.2211???
  • ???subjectarea.asjc.2200.2210???


أدرس بدقة موضوعات البحث “Traditional Building Materials in Coastal Dhofar: A Sustainability Perspective'. فهما يشكلان معًا بصمة فريدة.

قم بذكر هذا