Squaramide–Quaternary Ammonium Salt as an Effective Binary Organocatalytic System for Oxazolidinone Synthesis from Isocyanates and Epoxides

Ali Rostami*, Amirhossein Ebrahimi, John Husband, Muhammad Usman Anwar, Rene Csuk, Ahmed Al-Harrasi

*المؤلف المقابل لهذا العمل

نتاج البحث: المساهمة في مجلةArticleمراجعة النظراء

15 اقتباسات (Scopus)

ملخص

Squaramide–quaternary ammonium salt is illustrated as a simple, tunable, and competent metal-free binary catalytic platform for the atom-economic conversion of epoxides and isocyanates into oxazolidinones. Although, various metal catalysts have been employed for the title reaction, application of organocatalysis is scarce. At first, a rational survey of catalytic activity of several air-stable and architecturally distinct squaramides was undertaken. Thereafter, the impact on catalytic capability of different parameters, such as temperature, catalyst loading, and nature of nucleophiles, was examined. This binary organocatalytic system for the oxazolidinone synthesis, composed of a squaramide entity along with a suitable halide anion, was applied to the challenging conversion of a plethora of alkyl- and aryl-substituted epoxides– including disubstituted and enantioenriched ones– and isocyanates into the corresponding oxazolidinones in high-to-excellent yields. The time-dependent formation of oxazolidinone from epoxide and isocyanate was monitored by FTIR-ATR and 1H NMR spectroscopy and the scalability of this process was also described. In light of 1H NMR experiment, a hydrogen-bonding/anion-binding mechanism was proposed wherein the nucleophilic ring-opening operation, and oxo- and carbamate-anions stabilization occur cooperatively towards isocyanate fixation.

اللغة الأصليةEnglish
الصفحات (من إلى)1881-1895
عدد الصفحات15
دوريةEuropean Journal of Organic Chemistry
مستوى الصوت2020
رقم الإصدار12
المعرِّفات الرقمية للأشياء
حالة النشرPublished - مارس 31 2020

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