We describe the radiological features of 201 patients diagnosed as having hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in Southern Pakistan. The cases of biopsy-proven HCC were analysed retrospectively for years 1994-1998. Age, sex, underlying cirrhosis, hepatitis markers, and radiological description were recorded. The mean age was 56 years. There were 149 males and 52 females. 82% patients had underlying cirrhosis. The tumour size was measured in at least two dimensions, and the maximum mean tumour size at the time of diagnosis was 8.3 ± 4.0 cm. Of the tumours 79.5% were more than 5cm; 56% of primary HCC were multifocal; 51% involved the right lobe only; 15% involved the left lobe; 34% involved both lobes of liver. Portal vein thrombosis was detectable in 17%. There were no significant differences in the radiological patterns amongst patients who had hepatitis B virus related and hepatitis C virus-related HCC except for age.
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