Problem: Evidence-based practice (EBP) competence is one of the most desirable outcomes in nursing education. Assessment of knowledge, skills, and attitudes of nursing students regarding EBP is vital in examining the extent to which current approaches to EBP teaching is effective. Purpose: This study examined the predictors of knowledge, skills, and attitudes regarding EBP among Omani nursing students. Methods: This study utilized a descriptive, cross-sectional approach. Two hundred and forty-eight nursing students enrolled in one of the universities in Oman participated in the study during the months of May 2016 to August 2017. The evidence-based practice questionnaire (EBP-COQ) was used for data collection. Descriptive and inferential statistical tools were used to analyze the data. Findings: The mean values for the three EBP domains (knowledge, skills, and attitudes) were 3.41 (SD = 0.66), 3.62 (SD = 0.51), and 3.41 (SD = 0.68), respectively. Nursing students’ sex (being female), classification (being a registered nurse to Bachelors of Science degree in Nursing nursing student), and access to the internet and to nursing journals strongly predicted the knowledge, skills, and attitudes regarding EBP. Overall, 79.0% of Omani nursing students intended to adopt EBP in the future. Conclusions: Omani nursing students possessed moderate knowledge, skills, and attitudes on EBP; however, more efforts are needed to ensure that future Omani nurses are competent and confident to apply EBP in the actual clinical area. Both academe and the hospital administration play a pivotal role in the acquisition and achievement of EBP competence in student nurses.
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