Objectives: We sought to compare functional and cosmetic satisfaction among male and female patients undergoing open and closed septorhinoplasty within sub-groups of indications for the surgery at a tertiary care hospital in Oman. Methods: We conducted a prospective study in the ear, nose, and throat surgery department at Sultan Qaboos University Hospital from 2010 to 2015. All patients aged above 17 years, without dysmorphic pathologies, and due to be operated through open or endonasal septorhinoplasty based on the appropriate indications (functional or cosmetic or functional and cosmetic), were included in the study. Results: Out of 215 patients who underwent septorhinoplasty, 30 were lost to follow-up. One-hundred and eighty-five patients (124 males and 61 females) available for postoperative assessment had been allocated to septorhinoplasty by the endonasal approach (n = 89; 59 males and 30 females) or open approach (n = 96; 65 males and 31 females) based on their indications for surgery: functional (n = 98; 64 males and 34 females); cosmetic (n = 39; 23 males and 16 females); and both functional and cosmetic (n = 48; 37 males and 11 females). Sex-wise distribution across different age groups for the specific surgical technique based on indication for surgery did not show any significant differences within any of the respective sub-groups. Both sexes reported no significant difference in satisfaction per their scores on the functional satisfaction scale post open or endonasal intervention. However, in their cosmetic satisfaction scale scores, a significantly higher proportion of males within the functional indication for surgery subgroup (90.9%) expressed satisfaction with the open surgical approach than the 71.0% males operated by the endonasal approach (p = 0.041). Conclusions: Males undergoing septorhinoplasty for functional indications expressed significant satisfaction with the open surgical approach compared with the endonasal approach on the cosmetic satisfaction scale. This study could accrue only 185 patients during the five-year study period and hence was unable to generate any significant evidence to prove any differences in postoperative functional and cosmetic satisfaction outcomes within sub-groups based on other indications for surgery for males and females separately.
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