Two series of novel inorganic-organic composite polymers have been prepared through physical blending of magnesium chloride and magnesium hydroxide respectively with polyacrylamide aqueous solution. The physicochemical properties of the magnesium salt-polyacrylamide composite polymers were tuned by varying the ratio between the magnesium salt (e.g., magnesium chloride and magnesium hydroxide) and polyacrylamide. Characterizations of magnesium salt-polyacrylamide composite polymers were carried out via FTIR and TEM. Parameters such as solution conductivity and viscosity were also taken into account to characterize the physicochemical properties of the composite polymer aqueous solutions. Magnesium chloride-polyacrylamide (MCPAM) composite polymer aqueous solutions have a higher conductivity compared to magnesium hydroxide-polyacrylamide (MHPAM) composite polymer aqueous solutions. The viscosities of the MHPAM composite polymer aqueous solutions were found higher than MCPAM composite polymer aqueous solutions. The rheological properties of the composite polymer aqueous solutions were investigated using steady-state flow and oscillatory frequency sweep within the linear viscoelastic region. Shear-thinning effect was observed for both composite polymer systems when the shear rate increases. In oscillatory frequency sweep tests, both composite polymer systems show that the viscoelastic behaviors depend strongly on the magnesium salt concentrations. Viscous behavior was found to be dominant for both composite polymer systems.
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