Occupational exposure to pesticides and associated health effects among greenhouse farm workers

Patrick Amoatey, Ahmed Al-Mayahi, Hamid Omidvarborna, Mahad Said Baawain*, Hameed Sulaiman

*المؤلف المقابل لهذا العمل

نتاج البحث: المساهمة في مجلةReview articleمراجعة النظراء

29 اقتباسات (Scopus)


The number and production capacities of greenhouse farms have been increased across the globe, driven by an effort for addressing food security problems related to the rapid population growth and the effects of climate change. As a result, there was a large increase in the number of greenhouse farm workers who are typically involved in chemical preparations and pesticide sprayings, crop harvesting, and greenhouse maintenance activities. Considering the enclosed architecture of the greenhouse farm design and the frequent application of pesticides, the objective of this review was to characterize pesticide exposure levels and resultant health effects among greenhouse farm workers. While most health assessment studies were mainly based on self-reported symptoms, this review showed limited epidemiological and clinical studies on the assessment of the health effects of pesticide exposure on greenhouse workers’ health. Reproductive disorders, respiratory symptoms, neurological symptoms, and skin irritations were the most reported health effects among greenhouse farm workers. Additionally, there were limited studies on respirable pesticide-borne fine and ultrafine particulate matters in greenhouse farms. Ventilation systems and indoor environmental conditions of greenhouse farms were not designed according to specifications of the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE). Among recommendations provided, long-term exposure assessments of pesticide effects on children born by greenhouse farm workers should be considered in future research. Also, compliance with ASHRAE indoor ventilation and environmental standards will be very important in reducing pesticide exposure and health effects among greenhouse farm workers.

اللغة الأصليةEnglish
الصفحات (من إلى)22251-22270
عدد الصفحات20
دوريةEnvironmental Science and Pollution Research
مستوى الصوت27
رقم الإصدار18
المعرِّفات الرقمية للأشياء
حالة النشرPublished - يونيو 1 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • ???subjectarea.asjc.2300.2304???
  • ???subjectarea.asjc.2300.2310???
  • ???subjectarea.asjc.2300.2307???

قم بذكر هذا