An unusual case of epididymal and prostatic histoplasmosis is reported from Karnataka State of southern India, in a 37-year-old male renal transplant recipient, who had presented with gastrointestinal histoplasmosis a year before the second presentation and had responded successfully to 9 months' treatment with itraconazole. The patient presented a second time with high-grade fever and pain in the scrotum and the lower abdomen. Ultrasound of the abdomen revealed a retrotrigonal abscess, which was confirmed on computed tomography scan of the pelvis. Pus was drained via transrectal route and biopsy specimens were taken from the epididymis and the prostate. Histopathology revealed the picture suggestive of histoplasmosis, and the pus on culture confirmed the infection with Histoplasma capsulatum. To our knowledge, only 5 cases of epididymal histoplasmosis have been reported in the literature, our case being the second report from India and sixth in the world; prostatic histoplasmosis is also a rare occurrence.
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