Ageneral procedure to construct ADI methods formultidimensional problems was originated by Beam and Warming using the method of approximate factorization. In this paper, we extend the method of approximate factorization to solve a viscous wave equation. The method can be combined with any implicit linear multistep method for the time integration of the wave equation. The stability of the factored schemes and their underlying schemes is analyzed based on a discrete Fourier analysis and the energy method. Convergence proofs are presented and numerical results supporting our analysis are provided.
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