Introduction: To ensure positive pregnancy and birth outcomes, healthcare providers working in antenatal clinics are expected to provide regular antenatal education to enable early detection and timely treatment of pregnancy-related morbidities to prevent complications during labor, birth, and postnatal period. Although antenatal education and services are provided through standard programs in developed countries, presently there are no well-structured programs in many developing countries. The study compares the current service with the national and international guidelines. Objective: To identify the current practices of healthcare providers in antenatal education service in Oman with the aim of identifying any major implementation gaps. Methods: A qualitative inquiry was implemented through semi-structured in-depth interviews guided by open-ended questions. The study population were healthcare providers who routinely provide antenatal services at healthcare facilities. A purposive non-probability sampling technique was used to select the key informants. Data was analyzed manually using the thematic analysis framework. Results: The antenatal education services provided fall under four themes: In relation to “Education for safe pregnancy,” the findings revealed that healthcare providers did not adequately address the needs. In relation to “Education for Safe labor and Birth,” the pregnant women are briefed with inadequate information about labor and birth during the antenatal period. In relation to “Education related to Postpartum,” healthcare providers generally do not provide information regarding pregnant women's psychological wellbeing, breastfeeding, family planning, hygiene, and nutrition during antenatal visits. In relation to “Education related to Newborn Care,” the study findings indicate that contrary to what was stipulated by the WHO (2016) to establish antenatal educational programs to help pregnant women gain the skills and knowledge regarding proper newborn care, our findings demonstrated a lack of education about newborn care by providers. Conclusion: The findings have the capacity to contribute towards the development of remedial strategies to improve maternal and neonatal outcomes in Oman. This can be achieved by addressing the practice gaps identified when comparing the current practices with international standards.
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