Interconnection networks are hardware fabrics supporting communications between individual processors in multicomputers. The low-dimensional k-ary n-cubes (or torus) with adaptive wormhole switching have attracted significant research efforts to construct high-performance interconnection networks in contemporary multi-computers. The arrival process and destination distribution of messages have great effects on network performance. With the aim of capturing the characteristics of the realistic traffic pattern and obtaining a deep understanding of the performance behaviour of interconnection networks, this paper presents an analytical model to investigate the message latency in adaptive-routed wormhole-switched torus networks where there exists hot-spot nodes and the message arrivals follow a batch arrival process. Each generated message has a given probability to be directed to the hot-spot node. The average degree of virtual channel multiplexing is computed by the GE/G/1/V queueing system with finite buffer capacity. We compare analytical results of message latency with those obtained through the simulation experiments in order to validate the accuracy of the derived model.
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