Triplet-singlet conversion by broadband optical pumping

R. Horchani*, H. Lignier, N. Bouloufa-Maafa, A. Fioretti, P. Pillet, D. Comparat

*Corresponding author for this work

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11 Citations (Scopus)


We demonstrate the conversion of cold Cs 2 molecules initially distributed over several vibrational levels of the lowest triplet state a3Σu+ into the singlet ground state X1Σg+. This conversion is realized by a broadband laser exciting the molecules to a well-chosen state from which they may decay to the singlet state through two sequential single-photon emission steps: The first photon populates levels with mixed triplet-singlet character, making possible a second spontaneous emission down to several vibrational levels of the X1Σg+ states. By adding an optical scheme for vibrational cooling, a substantial fraction of molecules are transferred to the ground vibrational level of the singlet state. The efficiency of the conversion process, with and without vibrational cooling, is discussed at the end of the article. The presented conversion is general in scope and could be extended to other molecules.

Original languageEnglish
Article number030502
JournalPhysical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 6 2012
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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