Structural and magnetic properties of Ni-substituted Y-type Ba0.5Sr1.5Zn2−xNi xFe12O22 (x = 0, 0.5, 1.0, and 1.5) hexaferrite

Jayalekshmi Mini, Navya Joseph, Rahul Sugathan, Chinnu Vasu Devan, Imaddin A. Al-Omari, Manoj Raama Varma, Senoy Thomas*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Y-type hexaferrite falls under the spin-induced multiferroic materials category showing significant magnetoelectric coupling. The operating temperatures are reported to be tuned through proper substitution. Here in this study, Y-type hexaferrite Ba0.5Sr1.5Zn2−xNixFe12O22 (x = 0, 0.5, 1.0, and 1.5) is synthesized by a solid-state reaction technique, and the effect of substitution of Zn2+ ions with Ni2+ ions on the magnetic spin transition temperature is studied. X-ray diffraction analysis confirms the formation of the Y-type hexaferrite phase. The lattice contracts with an increase in the Ni-ion content. Hexagonal-shaped grains with particle size in the range of 2–8 μm are analyzed using scanning electron microscopy. Temperature-induced magnetic transitions are visible in all the compositions. The M–T measurements show that the ferrimagnetic to paramagnetic transition temperature can be tuned from 510 to 750 K via Ni2+ ion substitution. Furthermore, magnetic field-induced spin phases are evident through the multistage hysteresis from the M–H loops of the sample for x = 0.5 and 1.5.

Original languageEnglish
Article number192
JournalJournal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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