Re-Evaluating the Notion of Isrâ and Mi’râj in Ibadi Tradition: With Special References to the Modern Sirah Readings

Ismail Albayrak*, Sulaiman Al Shueily

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The notion of mi’râj (the heavenly journey of Prophet Muhammad) is an important non-homogenic topic, although it is not often handled in Ibadi intellectual, sīrah (biography of the Prophet) and exegetical traditions. In this article, we analyse the treatment of the subject chronologically in the Ibadi tradition. We discuss the Ibadis’ main concerns on the subject, how they differ, what inferences they make from the related verses, sīrah, hadith and exegetical (tafsir) reports, and most importantly whether they accept the notion of mi’râj. This article analyses the notion of isrâ because of its close relationship to mi’râj. In summary, there are variations on the issue of mi’râj among the North African and Omani Ibadis. Even more interesting is the existence of significant nuances among the Omani Ibadis. In short, while all North African Ibadis accept mi’raj as an event, it is observed that some Omani Ibadis accept it, while others sometimes reject it for religious and sometimes rational grounds.

Original languageEnglish
Article number990
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 20 2022


  • Ibadi
  • isrâ
  • mi’râj
  • North Africa
  • Oman
  • Prophet Muhammad
  • sīrah
  • tafsir
  • the Qur’an

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Religious studies

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