Prevalence and predictors of coronaphobia among frontline hospital and public health nurses

Leodoro J. Labrague*, Janet Alexis A. De Los Santos

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)


OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence as well as the predictors of coronaphobia in frontline hospital and public health nurses.

DESIGN: This study used a cross-sectional research study involving 736 nurses working in COVID-19 designated hospitals and health units in Region 8, Philippines. Four structured self-report scales were used, including the Coronavirus Anxiety Scale, the Brief Resilience Scale, the Perceived Social Support Questionnaire, and the single-item measure for perceived health.

RESULTS: The prevalence of coronaphobia was 54.76% (n = 402): 37.04% (n = 130) in hospital nurses and 70.91% (n = 273) in public health nurses. Additionally, nurses' gender (β = 0.148, p < .001), marital status (β = 0.124, p < .001), job status (β = 0.138, p < .001), and personal resilience (β = -0.167, p = .002) were identified as predictors of COVID-19 anxiety. A small proportion of nurses were willing (19.94%, n = 70) and fully prepared (9.40%, n = 33) to manage and care for coronavirus patients.

CONCLUSION: Coronaphobia is prevalent among frontline Filipino nurses, particularly among public health nurses. Interventions to address coronaphobia among frontline nurses in the hospital and community should consider the predictors identified. By increasing personal resilience in nurses through theoretically driven intervention, coronaphobia may be alleviated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)382-389
Number of pages8
JournalPublic Health Nursing
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Nov 23 2020


  • anxiety
  • coronaphobia
  • COVID-19
  • health
  • nursing
  • resilience
  • social support
  • Philippines/epidemiology
  • Anxiety/epidemiology
  • Nursing Staff, Hospital/psychology
  • Prevalence
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • COVID-19/psychology
  • Adult
  • Female
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Nurses, Public Health/psychology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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