Phenothiazine-based derivatives for optoelectronic applications: A review

Idris Juma Al-Busaidi, Ashanul Haque*, Nawal K. Al Rasbi, Muhammad S. Khan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

61 Citations (Scopus)


Phenothiazine is a butterfly shaped molecule endowed with remarkable electronic properties and functions. The photoluminescence, electroluminescence and electro-chemical properties of this molecule can be significantly modified by derivatization of the parent phenothiazine moiety. In the last few decades, this electroactive molecule and its derivatives have provided a versatile platform for developing materials with wide range of applications. This article provides a recent (2017–2019) account of the development of small to medium sized phenothiazine-based conjugated materials for optoelectronic (viz. bulk hetero-junction solar cells, dye sensitized solar cells, organic light emitting diodes, hole transporting and nonlinear optical materials) and sensing applications. Attempts have been made to delineate the structure-property relationship in phenothiazine-based conjugated materials. Based on that, future directions and conclusion have been outlined.

Original languageEnglish
Article number116189
JournalSynthetic Metals
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2019


  • Bulk hetero-junction solar cells
  • Dye sensitized solar cells
  • Hole transporting materials
  • Organic light emitting diode
  • Phenothiazine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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