Purpose In this prospective registry we prospectively assessed the oncologic, functional and safety outcomes of salvage high intensity focused ultrasound for radiorecurrent prostate cancer. Materials and Methods A total of 81 men were prospectively recruited and evaluated at regular scheduled study visits to 6 months after high intensity focused ultrasound and thereafter as per standard of care. Transrectal ultrasound guided biopsy was performed at 6 months. The primary end point was absence or histological persistence of disease at 6-month biopsy. Secondary end points included quality of life, biochemical recurrence-free survival, overall survival, cancer specific survival and progression to androgen deprivation therapy. Survival analysis was performed according to the Kaplan-Meier method and multivariate analysis was performed using the log rank (Mantel-Cox) test. Results Mean ± SD prostate specific antigen before high intensity focused ultrasound was 4.06 ± 2.88 ng/ml. At 6 months 63 men underwent biopsy, of whom 22 (35%) had residual disease. At a mean followup of 53.5 ± 31.6 months median biochemical recurrence-free survival was 63 months. The 5-year overall and cancer specific survival rates were 88% and 94.4%, respectively. Nadir prostate specific antigen less than 0.5 ng/ml was a significant predictor of biochemical recurrence-free survival (p=0.014, 95% CI 1.22–5.87). I-PSS significantly increased (p <0.001) while IIEF-5 scores decreased and the SF-36 score did not change significantly. The rate of rectal fistulization and severe incontinence was 3.7% each. A total of 223 complications were recorded in the 180 days after high intensity focused ultrasound (Clavien-Dindo grade 1—195, grade II—20, grade III—7, grade IVa—1). Conclusions Salvage high intensity focused ultrasound appears to be a viable treatment option for radiorecurrent prostate cancer, with acceptable morbidity.
- high-intensity focused ultrasound ablation
- prostatic neoplasms
- salvage therapy
ASJC Scopus subject areas