Fuzzy-based conflict resolution management of groundwater in-situ bioremediation under hydrogeological uncertainty

Narges Taravatrooy, Mohammad Reza Nikoo*, Jan Franklin Adamowski, Nafiseh Khoramshokooh

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


In this research study, a fuzzy multi-objective optimization methodology is proposed for in-situ groundwater bioremediation utilizing the Graph Model for Conflict Resolution. In the current model, uncertainties in hydraulic conductivity and the ratio of transverse to longitudinal dispersivity of contaminants are considered using the Fuzzy Transformation Method (FTM). First, the BIOPLUME III simulation model is linked with a Non-dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm II (NSGA-II) multi-objective optimization model to optimize a groundwater bioremediation system regarding conflicting viewpoints of decision makers. Then, the hydrogeological uncertainties of the groundwater bioremediation system are included in the proposed methodology using FTM. The three main objectives of the in-situ bioremediation optimization model are overall cost (well installation, treatment or pumping, and facility capital), the sum of contaminant concentration violating any standards, and contaminant plume fragmentation, which need to be minimized based on stakeholders’ preferences. Subsequently, GMCR II is utilized to resolve any conflicts between the perspectives of the stakeholders to achieve a compromise solution. The performance assessment results represent the ability of the proposed methodology for optimal in-situ groundwater bioremediation. Results show that the minimum fuzzy interval is 32.5%, and pertains to the overall cost of the bioremediation system in fuzzy α-cut levels of 0 and 0.5. Conversely, the maximum fuzzy interval is related to contaminant plume fragmentation in fuzzy α-cut levels of 0 and 0.5, and was found to be 95.1%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)376-389
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Hydrology
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2019


  • Fuzzy set theory
  • Graph model
  • In-situ bioremediation of groundwater
  • NSGA-II multi-objective optimization model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Water Science and Technology


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