Formation and transformation of reactive species in the Fe2+/peroxydisulfate/Cl system

Xiaojun Lai, Nuoyi Huang, Suresh C. Pillai, Ajit K. Sarmah, Yang Li, Guangwen Wang, Hailong Wang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


The influence of Cl on the formation mechanism of active components is often neglected in the Fe2+/peroxydisulfate (PDS) system containing a large amount of ferryl ion reactive specie (Fe(Ⅳ)). In the current investigation, the effects of Cl concentration on the removal of methyl phenyl sulfoxide (PMSO), the formation of methyl phenyl sulfone (PMSO2), the transformation of reactive species and oxidation products were investigated under different reaction conditions that included Fe2+ dosage, PDS dosage, and pH0. The results showed that Cl complexing Fe2+ increased the formation path of sulfate radical (SO4·−) in the Fe2+/PDS system. Fe2+ dosage and pH0 value affected the content and morphology of Fe2+-Cl complex, thus affecting the composition of reactive species. According to the experiment of free radical steady-state concentration, it was found that low concentration of Cl reacted with SO4·− and increased the steady-state concentration of chlorine radicals (8.09 × 10−13 M [·Cl]ss at 1.41 mM Cl), while at high concentration of Cl, the contents of SO4·−, hydroxyl radical (·OH) and dichloride anion radicals (Cl2·−) increased and the contents of Fe(Ⅳ) and ·Cl decreased. ·Cl had strong reactivity with PMSO, and PMSO and its oxidation products were chlorinated under the combined action of ·Cl and Cl2·−. This work reveals the reaction mechanism and environmental application risks of Fe2+/PDS technology and lays the groundwork for subsequent industrial application of Fe2+/PDS system.

Original languageEnglish
Article number115219
Pages (from-to)115219
JournalJournal of Environmental Management
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2022


  • Chloride anion
  • Chlorinate
  • Ferryl ion (Fe(Ⅳ))
  • Free radicals
  • Methyl phenyl sulfoxide
  • Water Pollutants, Chemical
  • Hydroxyl Radical
  • Free Radicals
  • Oxidation-Reduction
  • Chlorine
  • Chlorides

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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