Evaluating the efficacy of SVMs, BNs, ANNs and ANFIS in wave height prediction

Iman Malekmohamadi, Mohammad Reza Bazargan-Lari, Reza Kerachian, Mohammad Reza Nikoo, Mahsa Fallahnia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

134 Citations (Scopus)


Wave Height (WH) is one of the most important factors in design and operation of maritime projects. Different methods such as semi-empirical, numerical and soft computing-based approaches have been developed for WH forecasting. The soft computing-based methods have the ability to approximate nonlinear wind-wave and wave-wave interactions without a prior knowledge about them. In the present study, several soft computing-based models, namely Support Vector Machines (SVMs), Bayesian Networks (BNs), Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) and Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference System (ANFIS) are used for mapping wind data to wave height. The data set used for training and testing the simulation models comprises the WH and wind data gathered by National Data Buoy Center (NDBC) in Lake Superior, USA. Several statistical indices are used to evaluate the efficacy of the aforementioned methods. The results show that the ANN, ANFIS and SVM can provide acceptable predictions for wave heights, while the BNs results are unreliable.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)487-497
Number of pages11
JournalOcean Engineering
Issue number2-3
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2011


  • Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference System(ANFIS)
  • Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs)
  • Bayesian Networks (BNs)
  • Lake Superior
  • Support Vector Machines (SVMs)
  • Wave height forecasting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Ocean Engineering


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