Effects of synthesis methods on performance of CuZn/MCM-41 catalysts in methanol steam reforming

Opeoluwa O. Fasanya, Abdulazeez Y. Atta, Myo T.Z. Myint, Joydeep Dutta, Baba Y. Jibril*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)


CuZn-based catalysts are active in production of hydrogen by methanol steam reforming. However, there is a need to have further insight on their physico-chemical properties to improve selectivity to hydrogen. Therefore, a series of CuZn/MCM-41 catalysts was synthesized by four different routes; one pot hydrothermal synthesis (OPMCM), co-impregnation (COMCM), serial impregnation (SRMCM) and copper impregnated on Zn-MCM-41 (ZNMCM). Samples of catalysts were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) coupled with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), inductively coupled plasma (ICP) emission spectrometry, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). XRD revealed disruption in the ordered pore network typical in MCM-41 for all catalysts synthesized and also showed that the one pot synthesis catalyst had wide spread dispersion of Cu and Zn. SEM micrographs captured irregularly shaped particles of different sizes. While XPS showed that different Cu and Zn species were formed within the catalyst matrix. XPS also confirmed that there was wide spread dispersion and interaction of Cu and Zn with MCM-41 matrix in the OPMCM catalyst. COMCM and OPMCM demonstrated the highest activity with 88 and 65% methanol conversion with corresponding H2 selectivity of 91 and 86% respectively. They are better than SRMCM and ZNMCM which had average H2 selectivity of 19% and 31% respectively. CO selectivity was less than 1.8% for the COMCM and OPMCM catalysts. While SRMCM and ZNMCM had CO selectivity's as high as 8.9% and 7.2% respectively. The data generated shows that catalytic activity is largely affected by the nature of Cu species within the catalyst matrix.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3539-3553
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Jan 19 2021


  • Catalyst synthesis
  • Hydrogen
  • MCM-41
  • Mesoporous silica
  • Methanol steam reforming

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology


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