Effects of Bacterial Metabolites on the Immune System: Enemies and Friends

Zaaima Al-Jabri, Iman Al-Reesi, Nawal Al-Shizawi, Mohammed S. Al-Balushi, Ali A. Al-Jabri, Elias A. Said*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Metabolites produced by bacteria can influence the immune system. These metabolites are produced by pathogenic bacteria as well as the friendly microbiota. This review sheds light on the major bacterial metabolites and their structures. It also describes the capacity of these molecules to stimulate and inhibit the immune responses in a way that affects their capacity to control different diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1167-1177
Number of pages11
JournalEndocrine, Metabolic and Immune Disorders - Drug Targets
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2022


  • microbiota
  • disease
  • immune
  • Metabolites
  • bacteria
  • pathogenic
  • Immune System
  • Humans
  • Friends
  • Bacteria
  • Microbiota/physiology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Immunology and Allergy

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