Duplicated right crus of the diaphragm: A cadaveric case report

Srinivasa Rao Sirasanagandla, Satheesha B. Nayak*, Kumar M.R. Bhat, Sudarshan Surendran, Deepthinath Regunathan, Naveen Kumar, Surekha D. Shetty, Jyothsna Patil

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The lumbar part of the diaphragm arises from the lumbar vertebrae by right and left crura. The duplication of crura of the diaphragm is rarely reported in the past. During regular dissection classes to the medical students, we came across a case of duplicated right crus of the diaphragm. The right crus of the diaphragm was duplicated completely and presented two separate crura; medial right crus&lateral right crus. The medial right crus was attached to the anterolateral surfaces of the superior three lumbar vertebral bodies and intervertebral discs and merged with the anterior longitudinal ligament. The lateral right crus attached only to the intervertebral disc between the third and fourth lumbar vertebrae. These two crura bordered a retrocrural space in the inferior posterior mediastinum. The greater and lesser splanchnic nerves entered the abdomen by passing through this space. No duplication was observed in the left crus. The muscle fibres of medial right crus contributed to the formation of the esophageal opening. Knowledge of variations in the diaphragmatic crural anatomy is useful in the diagnosis of disease processes in the retrocrural space and also might help while performing the surgical repair of gastroesophageal reflux disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-44
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Crura
  • Diaphragm
  • Gastroesophageal reflux
  • Hiatus
  • Lumbar
  • Retrocrural space

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chiropractics


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