COVID-19 and the travel behavior of xenophobic tourists

Rasoul Shahabi Sorman Abadi*, Zahed Ghaderi, C. Michael Hall, Maryam Soltaninasab, Amir Hossein Qezelbash

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)


The COVID-19 pandemic led to a dramatic loss of human lives worldwide and presented an unprecedented challenge to public health, tourism and community relations. Previous research on the relationship between xenophobia and travel behavior is limited, especially in the context of concerns over potential contagion. Therefore, this study examined the relationship between xenophobia and travel behavior during the COVID-19 pandemic in a sample of 489 Iranian travelers participated in survey conducted online. The results demonstrated that xenophobia positively correlates with the fear of COVID-19, travel risk perception, untact tourism, and travel precautions, although it is negatively correlated with the intention to undertake outbound and domestic travel. The relationships between push and pull factors to xenophobia were found insignificant. Interestingly, a significant difference between genders in the relationship between travel risk perception and xenophobia was identified. The study presents significant theoretical and practical implications and offers new avenues for future research.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)377-399
Number of pages23
JournalJournal of Policy Research in Tourism, Leisure and Events
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • COVID-19 pandemic
  • Xenophobia
  • l
  • pull-and-push factor
  • risk perception
  • tourist behavior
  • untact tourism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management


Dive into the research topics of 'COVID-19 and the travel behavior of xenophobic tourists'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this