Competition dynamics of Parthenium hysterophorus in direct-seeded aerobic rice fields

Ali A. Bajwa*, Aman Ullah, Muhammad Farooq, Bhagirath S. Chauhan, Steve Adkins

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Parthenium hysterophorus is a prolific invasive weed species, which infests many crops in over 40 countries around the world. A 2-year field study was carried out to quantify the potential impacts of this weed on direct-seeded rice. Parthenium weed was allowed to compete for 2, 4, 6 or 8 weeks after crop emergence, while full season weedy and weed-free plots were maintained as controls. Parthenium weed plants grew taller and attained more biomass as the competition duration prolonged. The yield and yield-related attributes of rice were negatively affected with increasing competition duration. The season-long competition caused the highest reductions in panicle number (28-34%), panicle length (26-27%), grains per panicle (22-23%) and grain yield (33 and 38%) of rice in both years. Weed competition for 2-8 weeks caused 5-34% and 6-33% losses in rice grain yield during both years, respectively. Importantly, Parthenium weed control after 8 weeks of competition did not improve rice yield significantly. The results suggested that Parthenium weed should be controlled in rice fields between 4 and 8 weeks after crop emergence under direct-seeded conditions to avoid over 10% yield losses.

Original languageEnglish
JournalExperimental Agriculture
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2019


  • Aerobic rice
  • Parthenium weed
  • Weed competition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science


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