Circulation of Trypanosoma evansi antibodies and risk variables among dromedary camels in Al Batinah governorates, Sultanate of Oman

Mazen Al-Harrasi, Khalid Al-Habsi, Haytham Ali, Waleed Al-Marzooqi, Kaadhia Al-Kharousi, Abeer Al-Hamrashdi, Hatim Ali El-Tahir, Elshafie I. Elshafie*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Trypanosoma evansi is a blood protozoan infects camels with Surra disease and causes high economic losses. The current study was focused on estimating the seroprevalence and associated risk factors of Surra disease among camels, using 425 blood samples collected from 45 farms in nine Wilayats of Al Batinah governorates in the Sultanate of Oman. Host and environmental risk factors associated with T. evansi seroprevalence were analyzed by questionnaire arranged during sample collection. The overall seroprevalence by the serological CATT/T. evansi was 19.5% (83/425, CI: 16.0–23.6%). The seroconversion rate between the two governorates of north and south Al Batinah was not statistically significant (p > 0.05). However, the highest frequency was in Al Musannah at 41.7% (10/24, CI: 22.1–63.4%), and the lowest was in Al Khaburah at 10.5% (6/57, CI: 4.0–21.5%). Most of the owners in Al Khaburah (82.5%) were aware of T. evansi importance, and therefore they kept camels separate from ruminants. The ticks-free camels, racing camels and camels less than five years old showed higher T. evansi seroprevalence than other camels. The mean total protein was significantly (t = 2.817, p = 0.006) higher in seropositive camels (6.49 ± 0.75) compared to seronegative ones (6.25 ± 0.55), whereas PCV was not statistically different between the positive (28.96 ± 4.33) and negative camels (29.83 ± 3.63). Further studies are highly recommended to determine the prevalence and type of T. evansi in camels and ruminants in different governorates in Oman, especially in the Dhofar region, where the highest camel density is reported in the country.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100863
Pages (from-to)100863
JournalVeterinary Parasitology: Regional Studies and Reports
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2023


  • Arabian camels
  • CATT/T. evansi
  • Oman
  • Seroprevalence
  • Surra
  • T. evansi
  • Animals
  • Camelus
  • Oman/epidemiology
  • Trypanosoma
  • Seroepidemiologic Studies
  • Trypanosomiasis/epidemiology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • General Veterinary

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