Cellular cardiomyoplasty: Routes of cell delivery and retention

Adil Al Kindi, Yin Ge, Dominique Shum-Tim, Ray C.J. Chiu

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)


Experimental and clinical studies have proven the feasibility of cellular cardiomyoplasty in treating the damaged myocardium following ischemic injury. Over the years, this field has exploded with different investigators trying different routes of cell delivery ranging from direct cell injection into the heart to peripheral intravenous delivery utilizing the various signaling mechanisms known. These different routes have resulted in a wide range of retention and engraftment of cells in the target tissues. In this review, we will explore the different modalities of cell delivery, the pros and cons of each route and the cellular retention and therapeutic efficacy of these routes. We will then look into the different theories that try to explain the observed retention and engraftment of cells in the target tissues. Finally, we will discuss various methods that can improve cellular retention and engraftment and hence better improvement in myocardial function.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2421-2434
Number of pages14
JournalFrontiers in Bioscience
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • Cell delivery techniques
  • Cell survival
  • Cellular cardiomyoplasty
  • Cellular engraftment
  • Cellular retention
  • Intracoronary injection
  • Intramyocardial injection
  • Retrograde coronary venous injection
  • Systemic intravenous injection
  • Washout

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Biochemistry,Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • General Immunology and Microbiology


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