The Na+ pump (Na+, K+-ATPase) has been implicated in the regulation of many cellular functions, including cell volume regulation. The effects of inhibiting Na+ pump activity on cell volume and taurine efflux were evaluated in the human neuroblastoma cell line CHP-100. Cell volume changes monitored with the Coulter Multisizer technique and confocal microscopy showed that neuroblastoma cells exposed to ouabain swelled by 22 +/- 4% (n = 5). The rapid cell swelling was followed by regulatory volume decrease (RVD). In cells treated with ouabain, 14C-taurine efflux increased by 183 +/- 11% compared with controls. However, cells exposed simultaneously to ouabain and hypoosmotic solution resulted in a 14C-taurine efflux of 207 +/- 18%. Western blot and immunofluorescence microscopy with specific monoclonal antibodies for the catalytic alpha isoforms of Na+, K+-ATPase demonstrated high levels of the ubiquitously expressed alpha1 and the neuronal-specific alpha3. Ouabain-binding data showed that CHP-100 cells express approximately 3 x 10(5) pump units/cell. The present data indicate that efflux of taurine may be involved during volume recovery subsequent to blockade of Na+, K+-ATPase in CHP-100 cells.
|الصفحات (من إلى)||145-53|
|دورية||Journal of Cellular Physiology|
|المعرِّفات الرقمية للأشياء|
|حالة النشر||Published - فبراير 1998|